During extreme heat it is easy to become dehydrated or for your body to overheat. Hot temperature affects so bad on human. Heat can cause serious and potentially fatal health problems such as heat exhaustion and heatstroke, trigger sudden events like heart attack or stroke, or worsen existing medical conditions like kidney or lung disease.
Extreme heat can affect anybody. Those more at-risk include people over the age of 65, babies and young children, pregnant women, people with acute or chronic health problems and people who are socially isolated.
Limit your alcohol
The sun is high, and so are many people’s spirits. And that can lead us to the pub. Unfortunately, mixing too much sun with a few too many drinks is not a good combination. Alcohol causes dehydration, which can hit especially hard if your body is already struggling to stay cool in the summer. Drinking alcohol can also make it harder to get a good night’s sleep, something that’s already difficult in warmer temperatures.
While you may fall asleep quickly, you’re likely to have poor-quality sleep and wake up earlier than usual – not exactly the refreshing sleep you’ll need. Try to drink in moderation and read more advice on how to keep cool at night during a heatwave.
Take a cold shower or bath
Taking a cold shower or bath helps cool your body by lowering your core temperature, Porter said.
For an extra cool blast, try peppermint soap. The menthol in peppermint oil activates brain receptors that tell your body something you’re eating or feeling is cold.
Stay hydrated in hot temperature
When you’re hot and flushed, hydrating yourself is the first and foremost step to cooling down, said Wendell Porter, a senior lecturer emeritus in agricultural and biological engineering at the University of Florida.
The temperature of the water doesn’t matter since your body will heat it, he added. If your body is suffering from the heat and needs to cool itself, it can’t do that without enough moisture, since the body cools itself by sweating.
Pay attention to what you eat
Diet affects how you can manage your body’s response to high temperatures. You should eat less salty foods because they produce metabolic heat that causes your body to lose water. Instead, eat more fruits and vegetables and smaller, frequent meals.
Foods with high water content such as strawberries, cucumber, lettuce, celery and melon can also help you stay hydrated. Then, try to avoid large, heavy meals laden with carbohydrates and protein because they take more digesting, which in turn produces more body heat.
Keep personal electronic devices charged
Extreme heat can prompt power outages or rolling blackouts as people crank up their air conditioning. If that happens, you don’t want to be left with a phone or other device on low power. Try to keep your phone fully charged. It’s also a good idea to have flashlights and fresh batteries handy if the power goes out.